The Caribbean men produced a masterful run chase to beat the English men by five wickets in an exciting clash. He came to the crease amid a mini-wobble for the Windies, who had lost two quick wickets, and perhaps buoyed by his first-innings 147 looked immediately comfortable.
Brathwaite had also been close to the same slice of history, but his perishing opened the door for Hope to take his place in the record books - his double standing alone in the 534-game history of first-class action at Headingley.
England lead this three-match series 1-0 after thrashing the West Indies by an innings and 209 runs in the first Test at Edgbaston.
Hope and Brathwaite put on 144 for the third wicket and a blistering stand of 74 between the former and the exuberant Jermaine Blackwood, who hit 41, took the West Indies to the brink of victory.
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Even though Blackwood was stumped by Jonny Bairstow off the bowling of Moeen, Hope hit the winning runs the very next over and finished unbeaten on 118 off 211 deliveries, which included 14 boundaries. This was not an opportunity to pass up and Jermaine Blackwood signalled his intentions nearly immediately with a larruped four over midwicket off Moeen and two wild hacks at Woakes.
Watch live coverage of the third Test between England and Windies on Sky Sports Cricket with over-by-over commentary and in-play video clips on our live match day blog, available across Sky Sports digital platforms, from 10am on Thursday, September 7. It is also the second-highest successful chase ever in Test matches at Headingley and now gives them a chance to win the series at Lord's.
"[He's got] plenty of courage, plenty of character and plenty of determination, and he played really well".
"Honestly, I was thinking of staying out there as long as possible for the team".
I hope Root doesn't get castigated for declaring, I thought it was an excellent declaration - leaving him six overs last night and I thought that was the way to go. We have the fight, belief and players to do it. I, for one, was saying they should be playing against Ireland, Afghanistan and Zimbabwe and they bounced back with a performance like that.